Road Trip: Applying Military Convoy Techniques to Your Next Adventure - ITS Tactical
 

Road Trip: Applying Military Convoy Techniques to Your Next Adventure

By Jordan Jones

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Have you ever asked a friend for directions, only to be told, “Just follow me!” Then after falling in line to follow them, you catch the first red light and see the taillights of their vehicle disappear into the night.

Or maybe you’ve lost the lead vehicle in bumper to bumper traffic due to cars entering and changing lanes or distracted drivers attempting to catch the latest Pokémon? Today, I’ll be sharing some techniques learned throughout my years in the military to avoid problems convoys may find themselves in on a typical trip.

Planning and the Power of a Hip Pocket Brief

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When traveling with groups of vehicles, the power of planning is not only knowing what to do and conveying that information to other people, but also to anticipate and limit potential failure points.

Without taking us too deep into that dark hole filled with acronyms and sorrow, I’ll try my best to hit the highlights that best apply to the average civilian’s late night drive down to the Piggly Wiggly.

OSMEAC

Orientation – Provide a rough overview of the area to the group. This isn’t something that will require a terrain model and topo map, just general highlights of the area itself. “We’ll be traveling to the Piggly Wiggly on mostly these side streets.”

Situation – For most groups in the civilian world, this is simple, “You don’t know how to get to the Piggly Wiggly, so you’ll need to follow me.”

Mission – Set out the major goal of traveling to the location. “We need to get to the Piggly Wiggly by 8PM to make it on time for their dessert special, while also ensuring you don’t get lost along the way.”

Execution – Discuss the actual travel plans and what to do in special circumstances. “We’re going to take this road to this road. If you get pulled over, I’ll proceed to the next gas station on the right side and wait. (Stopping on the right applies to countries with the good sense to drive on the right side of the road.)

Admin & Logistics – For civilians, there isn’t much admin work for this sort of travel. Some things you may want to double check are vehicle inspections, driver’s licenses, etc. “Does everyone have everything they need? Wallet, phone, fuel, keys and spare tire inflated? A hunger for 50% off Death by Chocolate snack cakes?”

Communication – Discuss how to communicate with members of the group, both electronic and otherwise. “My phone number is ___. Two rapid honks means ___.”

“Enemy” Course of Action

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Once you’ve discussed the above details with the group, it’s time to involve Murphy’s Law and highlight the things that could go wrong during your travels.

In the military, it’s important to understand what course of action the enemy may take. Those in the civilian world probably won’t encounter an armed enemy but instead, might consider their “enemy” to be bad weather or a tire blowout.

MPCOA

(Enemy) Most Probable Course Of Action – What’s most likely to go wrong? For these items, immediate action drills should be made. Examples in a civilian situation would be unexpected traffic, cars entering your convoy or someone getting left behind at a red light.

MDCOA

(Enemy) Most Dangerous Course Of Action – What’s the worst and most dangerous thing that could happen? It’s important that immediate action drills are made for these as well. Examples of this would be a vehicle breakdown, stalled traffic, tire blowout or in a worst care scenario, the desserts being sold out at the Piggly Wiggly.

Be Able to Communicate

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While you’ll most likely be able to use cell phones, you can also use series of headlight flashes or bursts of car horn. One of the best communication options is a handheld push-to-talk radio. They’re cheap and with many of them, you don’t have to have it by your head in a “cell phone” pose that could risk getting you pulled over.

In addition, because they’re not reliant on cell towers or other intermediary stops, handheld radios are always ready to receive transmissions as long as the batteries are powered. For more information about choosing a handheld radio, check out our Ultimate Radio Communication Guide: What to Look for in a Handheld Transceiver.

Sample Immediate Action Drills for Civilian Convoys

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Below are some common situations you may face when traveling as a convoy and what steps should be taken by the group to resolve the issues.

1. Vehicle In-Between Your Convoy

You’re following a vehicle with a normal distance between your cars and a person decides the space between looks like a great spot to shoehorn their BMW 3 series into. What should you do?

Your lead vehicle should take their foot off the accelerator to slow the vehicle gradually (don’t pump the brakes and risk causing an accident.) Hopefully, as this makes the traffic on either side of you start moving more quickly than your lane, it will entice the intruding vehicle to change lanes.

2. Multiple Intruding Vehicles in Convoy or Loss of Visual of Vehicle in Front of You

As you’re traveling along, something happens to allow multiple vehicles between you and the car in front of you or you’ve lost sight of the vehicle you were following.

To regroup and get back to normal, the lead vehicle should remain in the same lane, but drive at a decreased speed, making a large space in front of their vehicle. The rear vehicle should change lanes to get in front of lead vehicle. Once this is complete, the process should be performed again to put the lead vehicle back in front of the convoy.

3. Dealing with Stoplights and Stop Signs

While traveling, your convoy approaches a stop light or stop sign.

The lead vehicle should stop at all yellow lights to limit the chance of separating the vehicles. When turning at stop signs, the lead vehicle should judge the traffic and make the turn only when enough time and space allows for each following vehicle to stop and make the turn without unknown cars entering.

4. Changing Lanes in Traffic

You’re the rear vehicle of a four vehicle convoy. There’s traffic all around you and you need to get over to the right lane to make your exit in two miles.

A good option for changing lanes in a convoy is a blocking technique. The lead vehicle sees the exit sign and uses his turn indicator to signal the rest of the convoy of the lane change. This signal is relayed down the line to you in the rear.

Your job is to be the first one to change into the lane the convoy needs to move to. From there, you’ll slow down enough to allow your lead vehicle in front of you. This process is repeated until the convoy has changed into the desired lane.

Why You Should Consider Taking a Driving Course

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Many people spend a large portion of their day sitting behind the wheel of a 1000+ lb. piece of metal; it’s probably one of the most dangerous things we do on a day to day basis. When considering all the dangers present on the road, it seems to me getting better at driving in general is a pretty good idea. An offensive driving course can cover different skill-sets to use during a time of duress, but can also cover skills that can practiced on a daily basis.

Day to day, I still use many of the techniques learned from the PSD driving program at HDSOC (High Desert Special Operations Center). The course covered things like accident avoidance and learning how to maintain speed through turns. It also highlighted the benefits of shifting the vehicle’s weight by stepping on the gas to gain traction and knowing you have enough clearance in front of you to allow for maneuvering around a stalled vehicle.

One of the best lessons I learned is leaving enough room between you and the vehicle in front of you to see the bottom of their back tires above your hood. Small things, while they may not be the sexy maneuvers, make a convoy successful.

Editor-in-Chief’s Note: During his time in the Marine Corps, Jordan deployed overseas for 3 years and has experience as a member of FAST, PSD and FMTU teams. These days, he spends his time roaming around the ITS warehouse, packing and shipping customer orders. Jordan enjoys working out, shooting, bushcraft and Kali. He likes staying active and visiting with friends, family and his lovely lady.

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Discussion

  • John Sprecher

    Funeral detail, multiple vehicles. Worked well in ny and nj.

  • Micah Breedlove

    Andrew we can practice this come October

    • Micah Breedlove

      Also pay special attention to the part that reads, “The lead vehicle should stop at all yellow lights to limit the chance of separating the vehicles. “

    • Andrew Moore

      To be fair, I was zonked

    • Ron Collins

      You guys aren’t very creative with profile pics lol

    • Micah Breedlove

      Ron Collins nope 😀

  • groosha5

    I’d love to see a version of this article that is tactical in nature and combat/war zone applicable. Thanks.

    • Jordan Jones

      If there is a lot of interest I will see what I can do. Let me know if you have any specific questions and I will see if i can’t answer them.

  • Andrew Ryan Jr.

    Tony Gonzalez travel tactics

  • Tai Lo Chun

    It’s tough enough for civilians to walk in a group (eg on a family tour) and have the trip leader ensure that stragglers don’t get left behind, let alone for a vehicular convoy.

  • Matt Vieira

    Brandon M Tjaden
    Good refresher article

  • Mario Perez

    And in a similar vein, there’s an article by the excellent LawDog in regards to applying rally points to an evacuation route.
    http://thelawdogfiles.blogspot.com/2006/08/meditations-on-evacuations.html?m=1

  • David Banther

    Donna Foute lets work on this!!!

  • I’d add another from Gavin Mortimer’s _The Men Who Made the SAS: The History of the Long Range Desert Group._ It’s about British reconnaissance teams in North Africa during WWII.

    The principle is to not be too predictable. German supply convoys were very careful to space their trucks precisely two minutes apart. That, they assumed, would make it hard to attack more that one truck at a time. The others would hear the attack on one and either stop or speed up to get away. The idea is similar to marching soldiers staying spread out.

    The LRDG took advantage of that precise timing. To give a for instance, when the first truck passed their concealed position, they’d toss an explosive with a 10 minute timer in the back. The second got one with 8 minutes, the next with 6 minutes, on down to 2 minutes. The five explosions then went off almost simultaneously.

    The obvious conclusion is that an enemy can use any behavior that’s predictable to their advantage. Change and vary what you do in unpredictable ways. Always taking the most direct route is not a good idea.

    The LRDG also used a clever trick with their communications. Stealth was critical to them, but they also needed to communicate back to headquarters via HF radio. If they were obviously British, then German radio direction finding teams would triangulate their position and aircraft sent out to intercept them. The LRDG took a different approach.
    No phone lines ran to the various oases and trading towns in the Sahara. HF radio was used for business and personal traffic. The LRDG studied the frequencies, times and content of those messages, and imitated them. A message about a shipment of dates might conceal one about ammunition. Not suspecting anything, the German’s didn’t bother to get their position.
    The same could be true of present-day communication. Always assume someone is listening in. Imitate some other form of radio traffic and use language that never reveals details accurately. If you’re going to the Piggly Wiggly, then that term should never be used.

  • vettepilot427

    Great article, I would also like to see a more tactically focused version.

    For general long-distance travel, a few things I keep in mind and plan around:

    1. If you’re the lead vehicle, pretend that you’re pulling a trailer and the last vehicle is the end of the trailer.  This puts you in the mindset of stopping before running stoplights and allowing everyone enough room to switch lanes or find parking areas.
    2. The most experienced members of the group in regards to route and trip details need to be placed at the front and rear of the group, not the fastest in the front and slowest in the rear.  If you get separated, the rear vehicle can move up as the leader of the second group which got separated and keep everyone on schedule and route.

    3. Discussed planned speeds and stress/enforce group compliance:  “We’re planning to run 5 over on the interstate, no more, no less.  That may be a little faster or slower than you’re used to, but this is a safe, efficient speed.  If you want to go faster or slower, consider another group or solo travel.”

    4. Food/gas/potty breaks (yeah, I said potty break, I got kids, get over it) need to be planned somewhat in advance and not when the lead guy decides he’s hungry or needs gas or to take a leak.  Planning stops keeps everyone on schedule and provides for firm rally points and options for food.  Try for places like mega-truckstops on interstates which will allow you to accomplish all of the above plus have plenty of parking area to allow the group to park together for security.  On back roads, plan these stops around towns (hopefully with a Walmart).

    5.  For very large groups (like motorcycles) plan for sub-groups since it is a given that you’ll be separated at some point.  Make sure each sub-group has an experienced and designated leader which is familiar with all plans and stops.  Provide map copies and/or GPS routes to all leaders.  ALL group members should have a printed copy of cell phone numbers for group leaders.  It doesn’t take much to get out of range of standard walkie-talkies.

    6. EVERYONE stops for emergencies (including panic bathroom breaks).  Depending on the emergency, the route/schedule may need to be modified and all members of the group need to be aware.  THE GROUP LEADERS decide the course of action and adjustments.  It’s ok to leave a member behind at this point, (I’ll get a new tire installed and catch up at the next gas stop) but everyone needs to be aware of the situation and impact to plans (We’ll add another 15 minutes at the next gas stop to allow Mr. X to catch up.  After 15 minutes, and no-show we will try to contact).

  • Romeo458

    I spend a lot of time on the road, and sometimes in a group on road trips, or overlanding. I would be interested in more articles like this.

  • fihenijus

    My  Uncle Hayden got an awesome metallic Volvo S 60 T 6 R by working part-time online.  
    you can try here………….  http://tinyurl.com/jobsonline7

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