Learn How to Climb Rope like a Navy SEAL and Build Functional Strength

by March 22, 2011 03/22/11

So why should you climb rope? First of all, if you’re not including rope climbing in your routine, you’re missing out on one of the best forearm and grip workouts around.

Climbing rope is also at the core of the Functional Strength discussions we’ve had here on ITS. Just as we advocate being able to physically save yourself; rope climbing has a large carry-over to training the same muscles you’d need to pull or lift yourself to safety.

Sourcing a Rope to Climb

If you’ve never attempted to climb rope before, don’t worry; I’ll address that below. The first step in progressing into climbing rope is an obvious one. Get yourself a rope! There are a couple of options I’ll recommend here.

Manilla Rope

The first option is to purchase a good natural fiber Manilla rope that’s at least 1 1/2″ to 2″ in diameter and 20 ft. long. I found a fairly good deal on Amazon for a 30 ft. 2″ diameter Manilla rope for $150. The only issue I see with buying something like this is the attachment method and I’d recommend cutting one end off and creating an eye splice.

By creating an eye splice (just like we did in our Fast Rope article) in one end it will allow you to climb a tree in a park or your backyard and girth hitch it over a branch to start climbing. The downside to using a Manilla rope is that it will fray over time as you can see in the photo to the right!

Fast Rope

The second option, which I highly recommend, is to make your own Fast Rope. By following our article series and making your own Fast Rope, you’ll not only gain the practice of tying a multitude of knots, saving money and building something awesome, but have a climbing rope that will last much longer than a natural fiber rope.

There are sometimes auctions on eBay too for used Military Fast Ropes, but they’re usually very worn and you won’t know the history behind the rope or how stable it is.

Climbing Techniques

There are three different techniques I’m going to address today, below you can watch a video of each of these being used and see why I prefer to climb with the brake and squat technique I was taught in BUD/s. You should also climb in pants and boots to save your shoes and legs from rope abuse.

While any of these techniques I’ll explain below will allow you to climb a rope, there’s only one I’m going to recommend based on speed, fast reacquisition of the rope and energy savings.

Gym Class Technique

Rope Climbing Techniques

The first technique I’ll address is the typical way I see people climb rope that have never been properly taught how climb. I call it the gym class technique, because if you’re like me and went to elementary school before schools were afraid of being sued, you probably used this technique to get up the rope.

Gym class technique is where you pinch the rope between your feet and reach up with your hands to pull up on the rope and repeat. While you can manage to get up a rope using this technique, you’re working twice as hard. With any technique, the goal should be to use your legs to get up the rope and not depending on upper body strength.

That’s not to say upper body strength isn’t important or needed to climb, it’s just to say that your legs should contribute and not just hold the rope.

Brake and Squat (Marine Style)

Rope Climbing Techniques

Marine style brake and squat is what the Marines teach in boot camp; while effective, it’s not a very quick technique and can cause you extra work by having to reacquire the rope if you lose the wrap. With any brake and squat technique the goal is to work your way up the rope by using your feet to put the brakes on the rope in a squatted position and simply stand up, reach as far up as you can and repeat.

The technique for the Marine style brake and squat is as follows. First you jump up with your arms extended, letting the rope either fall between your thighs or to the outside (I’ve seen both). From there you single wrap the rope around one of your legs and across the top of your boot. The boot of the unwrapped leg clamps down on the other boot, trapping the rope. You can now support your weight without using the power of your arms and hands.

I don’t personally care for this method, because as mentioned above, you have to re-wrap the rope around your leg if it’s not feeding through your legs as you climb up. This can lead to extra work and getting beat when racing a buddy.

Brake and Squat (BUD/s Style)

Rope Climbing Techniques

During BUD/s I was taught to use a very simple brake and squat technique that’s extremely fast, easy to reacquire the rope and will beat any other technique for speed. We’d have team rope climb races all the time and it would always be the guys using the Marine style brake and squat technique (despite being taught otherwise) that would slow a team down and cause them to hit the surf. It pays to be a winner!

All there is to the BUD/s style technique is to jump up to grab the rope high letting the rope to fall on the outside of a leg. With the leg that the rope falls to, simply step on it by using the opposite foot to help. The combination of the rope falling across the top of the opposite foot and stepping on the rope with the other foot will lock the rope in place.

The idea here is to always reach up as high as you can before you “squat” your feet back up the rope and reacquire, standing up to gain more height. The quickest guy I ever saw climb rope at BUD/s seriously looked like his feet would reach all the way to his chest before he’d stand up. It was truly amazing to watch.

You can stand in this position all day and take some of the work off your arms. Coming down from the rope is super simple as well, just relax the tension with your feet as you descend and the rope will flow through your feet easily.

Beginner’s Tips

Rope Climbing TechniquesIf any of these techniques are more than you can physically master, start slow. You can work on the upper body strength needed to climb rope by using your rope to do pull-ups or even throwing a towel over a pull-up bar and doing towel pull-ups, as this will work the same muscles. For technique work, simply get on the rope and practice locking it in with your feet.

Advanced Techniques

A few other techniques you can use to climb are climbing without your legs, climbing without your legs from an L-Sit position at the bottom of the rope and even climbing two ropes side by side without your feet. I find that I have the hardest time with the L-Sit technique, as I figure my core is weak in that area or my technique just sucks!

Climbing without your legs is an intense forearm, bicep and back workout. It requires excellent grip strength and not being afraid of heights! I’ve successfully climbed two ropes without using my feet, one in each hand. Let me tell you though, it’s not an easy thing to do! I had a few close calls trying to climb like this and nearly fell twenty or so feet attempting it. Be careful if you decide to attempt the advanced techniques!

Workouts

While pretty self explanatory, in terms of workouts, the best thing to do is to incorporate a number of rope climbs into your workout routine. When I have access to a rope, I’ll usually throw in pushups, situps, dips, air squats and a rope climb or two into 3-5 sets. You can even use the pyramid workout I outlined in the Pull-up functional strength article and sub in rope climbs for pull-ups.

You can also figure on subbing in 15 pullups for every rope climb, it’s definitely not the same movement as a rope climb, but is the closest movement and repetition count to climbing a 20 to 30 foot rope.

Video

Disclaimer

Climbing ropes is inherently dangerous should your grip give out while you’re on the rope. Use caution and know your limitations before you get too high and can’t hold on any longer!

I hope you enjoyed this look at rope climbing techniques, be sure to leave any questions or comments below and let everyone know what kind of rope climbing you’ve worked into your workouts!


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james
james

Question for you guys. do you have any advice on how to achieve a 1 arm rope climb without using your legs ?

Cody
Cody

A little late to comment, but what gloves do you use in your video?

Eric S.
Eric S.

Here is a recent photo showing students using the technique:

Patriot_0311
Patriot_0311

This article is another reason why I keep coming back. I appreciate the variety of topics you cover and that you spend time to review 'basics' in depth such as land navigation and other practical skills, versus focusing your time on the newest sexy tactic. It's a refreshing change from listening to all the tacti-fools in web forums.

When I went through Marine basic in '02, we were taught both methods. From what I recall our Drill Instructors did focus on the 'Marine' style but they also taught the 'BUD/S' style (which I also found easiest and prefer).

Jake

Patriot_0311
Patriot_0311

This article is another reason why I keep coming back. I appreciate the variety of topics you cover and that you spend time to review 'basics' in depth such as land navigation and other practical skills, versus focusing your time on the newest sexy tactic. It's a refreshing change from listening to all the tacti-fools in web forums. When I went through Marine basic in '02, we were taught both methods. From what I recall our Drill Instructors did focus on the 'Marine' style but they also taught the 'BUD/S' style (which I also found easiest and prefer). Jake

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

LOL Especially when the ropes are all wet and sandy! You know how that goes though :)

Stay safe brother!

zmtthw
zmtthw

What happens when your hands are wet and sandy? And how are you supposed to wipe them off when you yourself are wet and sandy? haha. Hope all is well bra

Z

zmtthw
zmtthw

What happens when your hands are wet and sandy? And how are you supposed to wipe them off when you yourself are wet and sandy? haha. Hope all is well bra Z

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Thanks for the kind words zendog, glad you enjoyed it!

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Thanks! Let us know what you use and if it's faster :)

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Hey Mike, thanks for the kind words. While the technique in that video does seem quicker than what I've seen when it's done, there's still not as much reach to be gained when using the BUD/s style I described. I'm going to have to try that upside down climb! Wicked!

I agree that on smaller diameter rope, some kind of wrap would most likely need to be used.

Matt Jones
Matt Jones

Hey Bryan, is that a new shirt soon to be available in the store when it reopens?

David Smith
David Smith

Awesome pointers buddy. I had always relied on upper-body strength to climb, although its kinda cool looking it does tucker you out quickly and always left my hands shaky and very fatigued. This method seems super simple and effective, Thank you.

Couldn't help notice new ITS t-shirt, looks great! Cant wait!

David Smith
David Smith

Awesome pointers buddy. I had always relied on upper-body strength to climb, although its kinda cool looking it does tucker you out quickly and always left my hands shaky and very fatigued. This method seems super simple and effective, Thank you. Couldn't help notice new ITS t-shirt, looks great! Cant wait!

Mike
Mike

Nice video, thanks Bryan. It really helps to see video over reading a description and instructions.

I learned and use a method that is similar to the Marine style. You actually started to use this method when showing the Marine style in the video but then corrected it. It was taught to me by aerial performers that I work with that have to be on rope or fabric for an entire performance, so they need something quick and efficient. This is a decent video of it and shows that you don't need to reacquire the rope if done correctly: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqHCPU7bv4Q&feature=related. I've actually used this method with some success even on 7/16" rappelling rope for short distances.

Mike
Mike

Nice video, thanks Bryan. It really helps to see video over reading a description and instructions. I learned and use a method that is similar to the Marine style. You actually started to use this method when showing the Marine style in the video but then corrected it. It was taught to me by aerial performers that I work with that have to be on rope or fabric for an entire performance, so they need something quick and efficient. This is a decent video of it and shows that you don't need to reacquire the rope if done correctly: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqHCPU7bv4Q&feature=related. I've actually used this method with some success even on 7/16" rappelling rope for short distances.

Suriel
Suriel

Great Article.

I can't find a video of how I was taught in the Australian Military,

But I will test out your method on the weekend and see which is faster.

Suriel
Suriel

Great Article. I can't find a video of how I was taught in the Australian Military, But I will test out your method on the weekend and see which is faster.

zendog
zendog

Great writeup and video. Thanks!

ryno
ryno

think the girl would freak if i hung that in the house tho... lol...

Irishmanlost
Irishmanlost

Vey informative post guys, enjoyed it. Used a Marine style technique during P.E( gym ) one day and was pretty fast. Must try the BUD/S Technique as well.

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

James, not sure why you'd want to do a 1-arm rope climb without your legs. A rope climb with both arms and no legs, I can see and I've done that before, but I've never attempted a one arm climb like that. I assume that you could climb one arm at a time while the other is chest level or so for support. Just my thoughts around that. Thanks for the question and comment.

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Jake, your comments are sincerely appreciated brother! I'm glad you're benefiting from all our content and find it useful. Good info on them teaching both techniques when you were in.

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

LOL Especially when the ropes are all wet and sandy! You know how that goes though :) Stay safe brother!

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Guess you'll just have to check back Monday :) LOL

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Thanks David, glad you found them useful! Glad you like the new shirt, Matt's really outdone himself :)

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Hey Mike, thanks for the kind words. While the technique in that video does seem quicker than what I've seen when it's done, there's still not as much reach to be gained when using the BUD/s style I described. I'm going to have to try that upside down climb! Wicked! I agree that on smaller diameter rope, some kind of wrap would most likely need to be used.

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

Dutchy, that's pretty much the same technique that I'm advocating but he's just taking an unnecessary extra step (in my opinion) and tucking his foot on top of his other. The rope will stay put without having to do that. Thanks for the comment!

Dutchy
Dutchy

I've tried your method once or twice maybe but the rope ends up (slighty) slipping between my boots. Maybe it's the rope / shoes ? But the method above also works very well when wearing full equipment and when you don't have enough strength left you can pretty much 'sit' on the knot.

Bryan Black
Bryan Black

I can definitely see that and how it could be useful if you're weighed down, great tip! Boots will really help with the rope staying put too and why I mentioned wearing them when climbing. Shoes will definitely add to the slippage of the rope.

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